top of page

2023 Oil & Gas Tax Strategy


Investing in oil and gas companies remains a viable tax strategy in 2023, offering multiple benefits similar to those in 2022. These benefits stem mainly from Section 263 and the treatment of intangible drilling costs (IDCs).

Qualification Criteria:

Investors gain tax deductions, depreciation, and depletion allowances by investing directly in private oil and gas drilling operations, becoming general partners with direct liability.


The 2023 strategy emphasizes the benefits of special accelerated depreciation for well drilling costs. Investors, by having a working interest in the oil and gas production, can use losses to offset income, qualifying these as business losses under Section 199A.

IRS Section 263 IDC Tax Treatment:

IDCs, comprising labor, services, and non-salvageable materials, make up a significant portion of the total investment. These costs are fully deductible in the first year of investment.

Depreciation of Assets:

Tangible items, such as equipment, are depreciated over seven years, with the current policy allowing 100% bonus depreciation for lease and well equipment.


  • The working interest in oil and gas is not a passive activity, enabling the offsetting of active income.

  • Loss of investment is deductible.


  • Potential underperformance or failure of wells, including liability risks.

  • High initial investment due to production costs.

  • Additional reporting requirements.

Assumptions for Opting in:

  • Investment in a direct working interest rather than in royalties or stocks.

  • Accuracy of IDC percentages reported by the oil and gas company.


  • Investment in a direct working interest with unlimited liability.

  • Wells must be located in the US and begin drilling within 90 days post the close of the tax year.

Eligible Business Entities:

  • Individuals

Conclusion for 2023:

The Oil & Gas tax strategy in 2023 continues to offer significant tax benefits for individual investors. With proper adherence to requirements and thoughtful consideration of the associated risks, it can provide a strategic avenue for reducing taxable income while contributing to the energy sector. However, the high entry cost and potential risks underline the importance of thorough due diligence and consultation with financial and tax advisors.

1 view0 comments


bottom of page